Ringworm is a common infection in guinea pigs. Here’s everything you need to know about ringworm in guinea pigs.
The name ringworm refers to a fungal infection on the surface of the skin. It got its name because, long ago, people believed that the infection was due to a worm, but it is not. Ringworm is a fungal infection in the skin, usually caused by the Trichophyton mentagrophytes fungus. However, there are several common fungi that can cause ringworm – usually from a species of the genus Trichophyton or the genus Miscrosporum. The medical term for ringworm is tinea. Tinea is the Latin name for a growing worm.
The ringworm fungus is a dermatophyte, which means “skin fungi”. An infection with these fungi is sometimes known as dermatophytosis. The fungus can only live off the dead layer of keratin protein on top of the skin, so it will not usually invade and go deeper. It cannot live on mucous membranes, like in the mouth or nose.
- What Are the Symptoms?
- How Do They Get It?
- Can I Catch It?
- What Makes Ringworm Thrive?
- How Is It Diagnosed?
- How Is It Treated?
- How Can I Treat It Without Going to a Vet?
- What If I Have Multiple Guinea Pigs?
- Is There a Way to Prevent It?
If your guinea pig has ringworm, the first thing you’ll probably notice are itching/scratching and bald patches, usually starting on the face and then spreading backwards along the back. If you look closely, inside the bald patches there will be red, scaly circular patches made up of concentric rings of overlapping scales.
Ringworm can be caught from other animals or people who are infected with it, or from the soil, or from anything that touched infected soil. Bedding can become infected with it, as well, so if your guinea pig has it, change the bedding frequently until the infection is gone. Oftentimes, you cannot pinpoint exactly where it came from.
Yes! Ringworm is very contagious. Of course, it also depends on which organism is causing the ringworm. Some of the ringworm fungi are only passed from people to people, some are able to be passed from animals to people, and some are passed from soil to animals or people. Anthropophilic species prefer people over animals, some geophilic (meaning “soil-loving”) species live in soil but only grow on feathers exclusively (or horses, or cattle…), and some prefer animals like guinea pigs and humans. But if it lives on a guinea pig, it can live on you, so handle an infected guinea pig with care. Wear rubber gloves and wash your hands immediately after handling him or her.
The ringworm fungus loves heat and moisture, so it’s important to keep the infected area dry. Also make sure the environment is clean and dry – not damp with urine or water.
You might be able to diagnose it just by looking at it and seeing the circular scaly patches. But a vet can use ultraviolet light and skin scrapings to diagnose it, as well. They could do a potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparation of a skin scraping and then view it under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis of a fungus.
Ringworm needs to be treated with an anti-fungal medication, either topical or systemic. If the infection area is small, the vet might want you to apply a topical anti-fungal ointment for 7-10 days. If it’s more widespread, they might just want to administer anti-fungal medicine taken orally for several weeks (usually 5-6 weeks).
You can use a medicated Dandruff Shampoo like Head & Shoulders and bathe the guinea pig once a week for three weeks, making sure to rub it in on the affected area. After the bath, apply topical over-the-counter anti-fungal cream (like for athlete’s foot). Rub it into the affected area twice a day for two weeks.
Because ringworm is contagious, you need to separate the infected guinea pig from the non-infected ones until the infection is cleared up. Also make sure all of the cages and living areas are cleaned and sanitized.
Well, obviously, prevent him from coming into contact with it! But, more practically, keeping the cage, bedding, and environment clean will help prevent any infected material from building up and becoming a main source of contagion.